Indian History-History of Ancient India

Indian History
  1. Indus Valley Civilization prospered on the bank of river  Indus
  2. The major cities associated with Indus Valley Civilization are:       Harappa, Mohenjo-Daro and Lothal.
  3. The main two features of Indus Valley Civilizations were:              Town Planning, streets and Drainage systems
  4. The main sources of livelihood for the people of Indus Valley Civilization were   Agriculture and Trade
  5. In India entry of Aryans is marked as ______ period       Vedic
  6. Aryans were originally inhabitants of      Central Asiaaround the Caspian Sea
  7. What are Vedas?             The most sacred books of Aryans
  8. What are the four Vedas?            Rig Veda, Sam Veda, Yajur Veda and Atharva Veda
  9. What are the Upanishads?          They are ancient Indian philosophical texts and are early source of Hindu religion. These are dialogues between teachers and pupils, or discussions amongst sages at king’s courts, or in the jungle.
  10. What does “Sutras” mean in Ancient Sanskrit Literature?              The Sutras are short aphorisms, compiled to serve as aids to memorize teacher’s explanations. Each of the Veda has a Sutra literature of its own.
  11. What were the two prime religions that came into existence after the Vedic period?      Jainism and Buddhism
  12. Buddha was the son of king        Shuddhodhana
  13. Siddhartha was born in ______ BC          567
  14. Where was Siddharth born?       at Lumbini inKapilavastu (present day Nepal).
  15. While in search of truth Buddha attained enlightenment under a Pipal tree at     Bodh Gaya
  16. Buddha delivered his first sermons at     Sarnath in U.P.
  17. Buddha died at Kushinagar in U.P.
  18. The main Buddhist teaching is known as:              eight–fold path
  19. Mahavira was born at    Kundagrama in Bihar
  20. Vardhamana Mahavira died at   Pavapuri (present day Bihar)
  21. In 684 B.C. The foundation of Haryanka Dynasty was laid by         Bimbisara and Ajata Shatru
  22. Shishunaga Dynasty, a major dynasties of Magadha Empire was founded by Shishunag in ______ B.C.   413
  23. Nanda Dynasty was founded in ______ BC by ______. 382, Mahapadma Nanda
  24. Battle of Hydaspes was fought between ______ and ______ in ______ BC        Alexander, Porus, 326
  25. Who was the founder of Maurya Empire?            Chandragupta Maurya
  26. Which book was written by Kautilya who happened to be in the court of Chandragupta Maurya?              Arthashastra
  27. Who had written the book titled ‘INDICA’ during the rule of Chandragupta Maurya?       Megasthenese, the Greek ambassador
  28. Kalinga War was fought in            261 BC
  29. The last rules of Mauryan dynasty was   Brihadratha Maurya
  30. Kalinga War was fought in the year 261 BC
  31. The Kalinga War was a fought between Ashoka, the Mauryan Emperor and the state of Kalinga
  32. The most influenced king of Kushan Empire was               Kanishka
  33. Which emperor of Kushan empire introduced the FIRST gold coins of India?        Vima Kadaphises
  34. In 78 AD the Saka Era was started by which ruler of Kushan Empire           Kanishka
  35. The capital of Kanishka, king of Kushan Empire was          Pursushpura, now in Peshwar
  36. What were the major two contribution of King Kanishka               4th Buddhist council in Kashmir, development of Gandhar and Mathura art forms
  37. Who was the founder of Gupta Empire in India?               Chandragupta I
  38. Which ruler of Gupta Empire is also known as “Napoleon of India”            Samudra Gupta
  39. Chandragupta II of Gupta Empire was also known as       Vikramaditya
  40. Which Chinese Pilgrim came to the court of Chandragupta II        Fa-hien
  41. Aryabhatta and Kalidas were in the court of which Gupta Emperor?         Chandragupta II
  42. Nalanda University, in present day of Bihar was constructed by which Gupta Emperor?  Kumaragupta I
  43. What was the capital of Harshvardhana?               Kannauj.
  44. Which Chinese pilgrim had visited to the court of Harshvardhana?            Hiuen-Tsang
  45. The two important books written by Banabhata were    Harshcharita and Kadambari.
  46. Harshvardhana was defeated by ______ of the Chalukya dynasty.          Pulshekin II
  47. Satavahana dynasty also known as Andhra Empire was founded by Simuka
  48. What is Tolkkapiyam?    oldest book on the grammar of the Tamil language and the earliest extant work of Tamil literature
  49. Who established the Chalukya dynasty?               Pulakesi I
  50. The temple town of the Chalukya Period was     Aihole, in modern Karnataka state
  51. The Pallava dynasty was founded by       Simhavishnu
  52. The capital of Pallavas was at      Kanchipuram
  53. The shore temple of Mahabalipuram and the Kailasanatha temple in Kanchipuram were constructed by which Pallava Ruler?   Narasimha Varman I
  54. The last ruler of Pallava dynasty was       Aparajitha Varman
  55. The Rashtrakuta Dynasty was founded by Dantidurga
  56. Which Rashtrakuta Ruler had written the earliest Kannada book – ‘Kavirajamarga’ on rhetoric, poetics and grammar?                Amoghavarsha I
  57. Kailasanath Temple also spelt Kailash Temple or Kailasa Temple at Ellora was built by       Rashtrakuta king, Krishna I.
  58. The Chola dynasty was founded by         Vijayalaya
  59. The early capital of Chola dynasty was at               Poompuhar, Uraiyur
  60. The famous Siva temple, Brihadeeswarar Temple, also known as Rajarajeswaram  was constructed by which Chola Ruler? Raja Raja I


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